How to keep a pool clean without a pump and filter

Swimming is a refreshing activity and one of the most perfect leisure time activities today. Children, in particular, enjoy spending time in the water, and it’s also an excellent way to get a workout. There are various types of pools, and perhaps the most important fact when you have one is to ensure you maintain optimal cleanliness. Believe it or not, you can keep your pool clean without having to use a permanent filtration system.

However, before you can do that, there are various key techniques and factors that you have to consider. Keeping your water clean should be at the top section of your goals, because it may have side effects on your overall health.

Factors to Consider When Cleaning a Small Pool

There are many benefits and drawbacks associated with using a small pool. Due to its small size, it is often easy to clean. If it’s a kiddie pool, then it won’t be deep, which makes it easy to reach the bottom. That said, the main concern when using a small pool is that such pools are often placed in backyards. These are sections of the compound, which have many plants and lots of little creatures.

The presence of plants and insects should be of significant concern when using these types of pools. Furthermore, being close to vegetation means that the pool is prone to the development of algae. Thus, white gleaming water in your pool can easily turn murky if you don’t maintain the pool correctly. These are all factors you have to consider before you start thinking about keeping your pool clean.

Swimming Pool Cleaning

While some pools might appear small in size, it’s not always easy to clean it, especially if it has lots of dirt. It does not make sense to just flip over the pool, clean it and refill the water. More so, in some cases, installing a filtration system is not always the best solution. The main reason a filtration system is not suitable is that it would be costly and challenging to install. The other reason is that there are many options you can consider when you want to clean your pool. Even more, since a small pool is often for a set number of people, it has less risk of getting dirty.

An excellent example to learn about cleaning would be with the typical pool dimensions. For instance, a pool that is 130 inches in length, 50 inches in width and 22 inches in height. This might seem like a suitable height for kids to play in, and indeed, it is. However, what about the cleaning process.

The first step is to calculate the amount of water which will be used in the kid’s pool. 130 * 50 * 22 cubic inches. Such a pool has an average capacity of between 2,000 to 2,500 litres.

You may consider disposing of the water occasionally, especially when you want to clean a pool thoroughly. That said, disposing of two thousand litres of water in your backyard might create a puddle. You may have to use a pump to help empty the water before you turn the pool over.

Swimming Pool Cleaning ​Methods

Drain and refill

Depending on the side of the pool, the best approach to clean the pool is to drain it entirely. If it’s a process which will wastewater for you, consider the following ideas. Before you clean the pool, use pool water for something productive such as watering plants.


Another excellent approach for ensuring the pool stays clean is to use covers. It will help reduce the frequency of cleaning required. Go for a cover that will protect the pool from issues such as dirt or bugs during use. Also, you can use homemade covers temporarily, but they are not suitable for use in the rainy season. Plus, consider for a cover which will help protect your pool. These cover types have lots of bungee cords and tarps but are still suitable for use in your pool.

Cleaning Soap Lather

If you have kids that use shampoo or soap inside the pool, then you can adjust the cleaning methods. In this case, consider using a scumbag. It’s a type of sponge, which can absorb lots of water. You can dip the sponge near the lather, and it will help absorb most if not all the bubbles in the pool. Also, note that you have to clean the sponge before using it again.

Skimming Nets

These are useful for use in both large and small pools. Using them regularly will help remove any visible dirt from your pool. Also, skimming is a technique which is even easy for the kids to perform.

Using Chemicals

This point has many perspectives and methods you should consider. First, let’s consider all the facts. For instance, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), goes in-depth into some of the dangers you may find in pools today. For example, germs such as Giardia or Cryptosporidium are common and pose a health risk to humans.

The following chemicals might be useful:

  • Stable chlorine – you can use 55% to 65% of chlorine, which is perfect for removing any dangerous bacteria from your pool. They are usually in the form of granules and are ideal for pools with a capacity of over 1,000 gallons.

  • Algaecide – small pools are often close to plant life. The changes in the algae development are high at such places. Consider using algaecide with a 60% concentration level. This serves as an excellent alternative if the chlorine fails to eliminate the issue altogether. Usually, this occurs because some bacteria are resistant to the chemicals.

  • Borax – you will easily find this product in most products stores and more. It’s non-toxic and perfect for killing algae.

  • Shock – while this is not a chemical term, it refers to a technique commonly used to clean small pools. It’s often used after occurrences such as rains, or in the rare case when several people use the pool. Even when you add sanitizer to the pool, it’s always good to have a store of shock products for your needs.

NB: You should perform water analysis regularly to evaluate the pH of the water. Also, you should have one to help test the chlorine levels, and alkalinity as well. It’s a test that enables you to determine the type of chemical required for the process.

Household Materials to Keep Your Pool Water Clean

The average household has many products that you can use to naturally kill microorganisms and keep the water fresh at all times. The common ones include:

Baking Soda

The first choice is readily available in many homes, and it is also referred to as sodium bicarbonate. It’s a product which can be used to improve the alkalinity levels of water in a pool. The process is simple. You have to add specific levels of the product to your water. First, add 1.5 pounds of baking soda to 10,000 gallons of water to increase the alkalinity levels. Such an amount will increase the alkalinity by 10ppm.

Also, baking soda works effectively because it helps remove yellow or black algae that might develop in the water. This applies especially when you have an above ground pool. Usually, it’s because the baking soda is gentle on vinyl walls.

Remember that while you can use baking soda to clean a pool, you should never use it for baking or cooking purposes.


Another excellent product for cleaning your pool would be to use household bleach, otherwise referred to as sodium hypochlorite. It’s an affordable choice when you want to perform the “pool shock” technique. More so, it’s also readily available in most stores, which makes it convenient.

In case you reside in a place with lots of hard water, bleach is excellent because it helps reduce the levels of calcium in the water. Thus, you will save more money, because you enjoy the benefits of using two proven products for pool care. Remember to use the unscented type of bleach to ensure the best results.

Muriatic Acid

Muriatic acid is a chemical which you can use to lower the alkalinity levels of the pool, while also stopping issues such as mineral build-up and bacterial blooms. It’s highly effective, and helps to reduce the alkalinity levels of water by 10ppm, in a conventional 10,000-gallon pool.

Even if it’s a great choice, it’s more affordable than most alkalinity decreasing products which are made specifically for pools. Muriatic acid is a strong substance, and you have to handle it with caution. Plus, Muriatic Acid is toxic to humans and can harm the skin. It would be best if you wear protective gear when using the acid.

Preventive Measures to Keep the Pool Clean

If you want to enjoy the pool and clean water, the main factor to consider is to prevent dirt. Even if the water never becomes entirely clear, it will have fewer germs and stains than before. More so, it’s a process that prevents water contamination, and from turning murky.

 Using covers during the summer months will help prevent heat loss from the pool, and dustups the apparition of algae. Another aspect that prevents the accumulation of dirt in pools would be the use of showers. Using a shower before you enter the pool helps reduce the organic matter, bacteria and dirt that gets its way into the pool.


Being able to keep your small pool clean is a simple process when you have the correct information. While you will achieve optimal success when you use chemical products, you also have DIY home products which you can consider. Also, there are various habits and techniques to consider to help reduce the amount of dirt that gets in your pool. This includes the use of pool covers, advising users to shower before diving and more. Yes, keeping your small pool clean is a multifaceted process that requires the correct techniques for the best results.